Archive

Archive for November, 2007

SEZ: Special Economic Zone. Two sides of coin

November 26, 2007 9 comments

SEZ (Special economic zone) is a particular geographical area inside counter, state allocate for industry and trade purpose. This area has economic laws that are more liberal than a country’s typical economic laws.

These zones are designated duty-free enclaves, and are deemed foreign territories for the purpose of trade operations, duties and tariffs.

Purpose of the SEZ:

– Promotion of exports of goods and services.
– Promotion of investment from domestic and foreign sources.
– Creation of employment. (20 lack more jobs by end of 2009)
– Development of infrastructure facilities.
– Generation of additional economic activity.

We (India) need to think on, how and which land to use for Industries (SEZ). Need Fine balance between Agriculture and Industry as both are main wheels of countries economy.

Disadvantages: Dark side of SEZ

1. Land Grabbing at very low prices.
2. If SEZ built on agricultural land the farmers will loose their livelihood as they are not skilled laborers it would to tough to relocate them to other jobs. Already Farmers are having very bad days in India, one of the leading agriculture countries.
3. Since the companies that operate under SEZ enjoy a lot of tax holidays it would create a burden on the finance ministry as tax collected would be less.
4. Huge downward impact on Tax: GDP ratio & the common man have to pay the price of it.

Some of obvious questions will rise in peoples mind as now in my mind:

If the SEZ s is meant to bring in all inclusive growth then they should pay taxes & make a positive contribution to the growth of the economy.

Why the land grabbing is from fertile land (farm land/ cultivable land)?

Land of West Bengal is basically very good for Agriculture but then also west Bengal government allowing for SEZ’s on Nandigram and Singur like lands.(Now days these are very hot topics.) West Bengal acquisition is that the government is acquiring fertile agricultural land which is the main source of income. The farmers are having a hard time in India.

Still India has lots of barren land.

We (India) need to think on, how and which land to use for Industries. Need Fine balance between Agriculture and Industry as both are main wheels of countries economy.

Why Land Grabbing at very low prices?

Power units can be established in SEZ s. The power units can sell power to DTA by just paying duties on consumables therefore SEZ units can be a big threat to domestic power producing companies because of all the other advantages showered on them.

Minimum Land Requirement for Development of SEZs

Multi Product SEZs – 1000 Hectares (2500 Acres)

Sector Specific SEZs – 100 Hectares (250 Acres)

(Or) IN A Port (or) Airport

Gem & Jewellery: 10 Hectares with 50,000 sq m built up processing area.

Biotechnology, Non-conventional energy, Including Solar energy Equipments /Cells: 10 Hectares with40, 000sqm built up processing area.

IT/ITES SEZS: 10 Hectares with One Lakh sqm built up processing area

Trading & warehousing zones: – 40 Hectares with One Lakh sqm built up area

For IT/ITES SEZs: 24x7x365 – Uninterrupted power supply at stable frequency reliable connectivity for uninterrupted & secure data transmission central air-conditioning a ready to use, furnished plug&pay facility

Minimum processing area for multi product SEZs – 35%

Minimum processing area for sector specific SEZs- 50%

Sources:

http://www.apit.gov.in/sezm.html

http://in.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070116022619AAoq1YX

http://www.indiantaxsolutions.com/main.php?t=28011984&d=1152598537

http://sezindia.nic.in/HTMLS/about.htm

Advertisements

Easy and simple way to create widgets

November 22, 2007 2 comments

I was looking for how to create widgets on web and i got the awesome thing.

I got the http://www.springwidgets.com link where they allow to create your own widget, after i found the site, i have created my own widget in next 10 minitus.

Thanks to springwidgets.com

Its really easy to create widgets and customise them.

You can visit my widget so u will come to know, how easy and beautiful thing it is.

My widget - click on this

Go get it one for you also and enjoy…

India’s first woman in IPS – Kiran Bedi – The proud Indian woman

November 18, 2007 263 comments

India’s first Lady IPS – The proud Indian woman – Kiran Bedi

She is the first woman to join the Indian Police Service (IPS) in 1972.
On the 1973 Republic Day, this first lady IPS participated in a parade in front of first Indian lady Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

People usually ask her, Why she joined IPS? She replies, “Because I want to serve the people from a position of authority so that I can serve them best.”

About her:

·Birth Date: 9th of June 1949

·Birth Place: Amritsar, Punjab, India.

·Education:

1.School – The Sacred Heart Convent School, Amritsar.

2.B.A. (English) [1968] – The Government College for Women, Amritsar.

3.Master’s degree (Political science) [1970] – Punjab University, Chandigarh.

4.LLB [1988] – Delhi University, Delhi.

5.Ph.D. (Social Sciences) [1993] – Awarded by Department of Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi.

Sports:

·National junior Tennis champion at the age 16.

·Kiran Bedi is also a former all-India and all-Asian tennis champion.

·Kiran had won the Asian Ladies Title at the age of 22.

·Best athlete of her college.

Kiran Tennis Champions

Career:

·She has started her career as Lecturer in Political Science at Khalsa College for Women, Amritsar, India.

·In 1972, she was selected for the Indian Police Service. She was first lady selected for IPS.

·She has worked as Traffic Commissioner of New Delhi, Deputy Inspector General of Police in insurgency prone Mizoram, Advisor to the Lieutenant Governor of Chandigarh, Director General of Narcotics Control Bureau and also on a United Nations deputation.

·Inspector General of Prisons, Tihar Jail (Delhi).

. Director General of Bureau of Police Research and Development

Career Achievements:

·In 1977, she put an end to the Akali-Nirankari Sikh riots at India Gate.

·1979, as DCP (West Delhi), she broke up a 200-year-old illicit liquor trade.

·In 1981 as DCP (Traffic) she controlled traffic during the 1982 Asian Games efficiently. She didn’t hesitate to tow away cars and once even challenged the Prime Minister’s car for wrong parking near a car repair shop.

In 1993, as the Inspector General of Asia’s biggest jail – the Tihar jail (9100 inmates including 300 women) she turned the unlivable jail into an abode of education. Said Kiran while joining her posting at the jail, “I want to transform this jail into an Ashram within six months”. She introduced many classes and programs for the inmates including those on basic education, meditation, yoga besides functions like mushairas, kavi sammelans, dramas and games, which involved the jail inmates. For her effort to humanize the Tihar jail she was honored with the 1994 Ramon Magsaysay Award

kiran.jpgkiran in uniform

Kiran Bedi’s voluntary retirement:

Kiran Bedi submitted her application on November 15, 2007, saying she wanted to quit to pursue “strong academic and social interests”. The government accepted retirement plea and decided to relieve Bedi, who was holding the post of the Director General of Bureau of Police Research and Development.

saferindia.com Project
After retirement Kiran Bedi launched a new website saferindia.com, on 3 January, 2007. The motto of this is to help peoples those complaints are not accepted by local police. This project is under non-government organisation India Vision Foundation. India Vision Foundation is a non-profit, voluntary, non-government organization.

Jan Lokpal Movement

Kiran Bedi is one of the important member of the India Against Corruption  along with Anna Hazare  and played crucial role.  Whole country stand by Anna Hazare team to support 2nd freedom fight against corruption.

Her Thoughts:

kiran

” My motto in life is that nothing is impossible, no target unachievable – one just has to try harder and harder.”

– Ethics, decency and morality are the real soldiers

– What is the value of education which does not inculcate passion and fearlessness for setting right what is wrong?

For more thoughts go on http://kiranbedi.com/thought1.htm

Sources/Links:

·http://www.kiranbedi.com/update.htm

·http://www.indiavisitinformation.com/indian-personality/Kiran-Bedi.shtml

·https://vivchavan.wordpress.com/2011/08/21/indians-stand-by-anna-hajare-for-revolutionary-second-freedom-fight/

·https://vivchavan.wordpress.com/2011/08/18/anna-hazare-74-years-old-fighter-against-corruption/

·http://kiranbedi.com/rolemodel1.htm

·http://kiranbedi.com/15ind.htm

https://vivchavan.wordpress.com/2011/08/18/anna-hazare-74-years-old-fighter-against-corruption/
https://vivchavan.wordpress.com/2011/08/21/indians-stand-by-anna-hajare-for-revolutionary-second-freedom-fight

. http://images.google.co.in/imgres?imgurl=http://www.kiranbedi.com/

26april.gif&imgrefurl=http://kiranbedi.com/newidarearchive.htm&h

=386&w=300&sz=90&hl=en&start=13&um=1&tbnid=Aiek59m16syWuM:&tbnh=123&tbnw

=96&prev=/images%3Fq%3DKiran%2Bbedi%26svnum%3D10%26um%3D1

%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN

  • ·http://www.rmaf.org.ph/Awardees/Biography/BiographyBediKir.htm

Harmful effects of firecrackers

November 7, 2007 33 comments

Firecrackers and Diwali has the close relation.

As diwali is festival of lights, people consider it as festival of Firecrackers. Firecrackers come in different varieties from the delightfully visual ones to the ear deafening noisy ones.

Our tradition use firecrackers in diwali cause of reasons, possible reason and a more scientific one for lighting firecrackers is that the fumes produced by them kill insects and mosquitoes found after the rains.

But now people use firecrackers in an amount that it harming the mankind, environment, increasing the pollution.

Firecrackers harmful for everything Firecrackers increasing polltion

Firecrackers-rocket Firecrackers - harmful

Harmful effects of firecrackers

1) Health hazards: Burns, deafness, Nausea and mental impairment. Many people die in explosions in factories manufacturing fire-crackers.

Firecrackers can cause hearing loss, high blood pressure, sleeping disturbances and sudden exposure to loud noise can cause temporary or permanent deafness or even result in heart attack.

2) Sometimes, rocket-crackers set fire to huts, heap of dry grass etc. this happen mostly to country side

3) Noise pollution: firecrackers make noise more than the allowed decibel limit for human being.

4) Smog caused by firecrackers may be harmful to inhale can cause difficulty for rivers because of reduced visibility.

5) It increases the Pollution in environment.

 

The Supreme Court of India observing that “the right to peaceful sleep is a fundamental right of the citizens”, has banned firecrackers between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. during the Dashra and Diwali festivals.

The Central Pollution Control Board of India has banned firecrackers with a decibel level of more than 125 at a distance of 4 meters from the bursting point.

Precautions need to be taken:

1) Try to avoid use of firecrackers.

2) Use firecrackers that are less bursting and less noisy.

3) Do not explode a firecracker in your hand.

4) Educate children before Diwali and discourage them from bursting firecrackers.

Enjoy the Deepawali with care. Take care of you and your family.

Sources:

http://www.merinews.com/catFull.jsp?articleID=127558

http://www.diwalifestival.org/crackers.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmful_effects_of_firecrackers

Diwali – Hindu Festival of Lights

November 5, 2007 8 comments

The festival marks the victory of good over evil. Darkness represents ignorance, all negative forces, and light represents knowledge, that destructs all negative forces.

The festival is associated with many legends and beliefs. One of them is the killing of Narakasura, a demon, by Lord Krishna. Diwali also celebrates the return of Rama King of Ayodhya, with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana from a war in which he killed the demon king Ravana.

Fireworks, Deep, Diva are associated with the festival.

Diva- Light of life Diwali - Festival of Lights Diya

Diwali is celebrated over five days

1) Dhan-trayodashi or Dhan teras: Dhan means “wealth” and Trayodashi means “13th day”. It is a day for shopping. Two legends are worshiped on this day. One of Lord Yamaraja to avoid untimely death and the other of Dhanvantri holding a pot of Amrit for good health.

2) Naraka Chaturdasi: Chaturdasi is the fourteenth day on which demon Narakasura was killed. It signifies the victory of good over evil and light over darkness.

3) Laxmi Pujan: People perform special Puja of Laxmi, godess of wealth and prosperity. Diwali is the festival of Laxmi, the Goddess of prosperity and wealth. It is believed that Goddess Laxmi visits everyone during Diwali and brings peace and prosperity to all.

4) Padawa: The day following the Amavasya is “Kartik Shuddh Padwa”.

Gudi Padwa is symbolic of love and devotion between the wife and husband. On this day newly-married daughters with their husbands are invited for special meals and given presents

5) The fifth day of Deepavali or Diwali is celebrated as Bhaiya Dooj or Bhau bij, popularly know as Bhai Dooj. A ritual involving brother and sister. The second day after the new moon. Day of love between brothers and sisters.

happy divali diwali decoration decoration in Diwali

Hindu purchase gold, gifts, decorations, crackers (fireworks) and household appliances during this festival. On Deepavali day, the members of the mercantile community open and worship new account books and ledgers. This is because during Deepavali the Sun enters its second course and passes Libra, which is represented by the ‘Balance’ or ‘Scale’.

sources:

http://www.dalsabzi.com/Language_Festivals/deepavali.htm
http://www.hinduism.co.za/deepaval.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwali
http://www.netglimse.com/holidays/diwali/diwali_rituals.shtml
http://www.diwalifestival.org

Electricity in India: Lack (?) And … Use of Electricity

November 1, 2007 1 comment

Is India (we) really lacking that much electricity that we can not fulfill the basic needs?

Look at the following pictures and think on above question!!!!!!

181020075141.jpgVillege side have not proper bus stop but in city Bus stop are lighted.18102007526.jpgAdvertisments

It’s really strange that we are having load shedding hours from 4 to 10. On top of this, some villages are getting the electricity hardly for 6 to 8 hours. Still our government is allowing such high electricity consuming lightings…. Why?

There should be some sort of restrictions on the use of electricity for banners, advertisements and hoardings.

We, as a good citizen, should also limit the use of electric equipments. Whenever possible we should try to save electricity by,

· Using staircase instead of elevators (if possible)

· Minimizing use of Air Conditioners or restricting the temperature level by AC to certain value

· Switching off the domestic equipments whenever not in use, such as TV, Fans, Lights

· Switching off the monitor whenever not in use.

ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY IN INDIA

India had 97,837 MW of generating capacity on 31 March 2000. In addition to this

Utility-owned capacity, a substantial amount of auto-production capacity exists mainly

In the industrial sector, now amounting to around 15,000 MW, according to official

Data. Capacity additions of 4,242 MW were made during 1998-99. Growth in power

generation has increased rapidly in recent years, from 301 TWh in 1992/3 to 451 TWh

In 1998/9 – an average annual rate of growth of just over 6%.

Consumption of electricity by agriculture Multiplied by 19 from 1971 to 1998, whereas overall consumption multiplied only By seven. As of 1998.

Source:http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2000/elecindia2002.pdf

India is a major producer and consumer of energy:

* It is the world’s eleventh largest energy producer, accounting for about 2.4% of the world’s total annual energy production;

* The sixth largest energy consumer, accounting for about 3.7% of the world’s total annual energy consumption; and

* Primary energy demand has grown over the last thirty years at an average rate of 3.6% a year.

The total installed capacity in India increased to 137,552 MW in 2005 compared to 131,424 MW in 2004.

Annual electricity generation and consumption have increased by about 64% in the past decade and its projected rate of increase in electricity consumption – estimated at as much as 8-10% annually through to 2020 – is one of the highest in the world.

Energy Poverty

Some 595 million people in India – 60% of the Indian population – depend on Traditional biomass for cooking and heating. The electricity industry faces enormous challenges in providing a reliable service and meeting rising demand.

source: http://www.worldcoal.org/pages/content/index.asp?PageID=402

Reasons:

– Inadequate power generation capacity

– Electricity is either stolen, or not billed

– Lack of optimum utilisation of the existing generation capacity

– Inadequate inter-regional transmission links

– Inadequate and ageing sub-transmission & distribution network leading to power cuts and local failures/faults.

– Inefficient use of electricity by the end consumer

– Lack of discipline.

Save electicity at home, it will automatically save county’s electricity and your money.

sources:

http://www.worldcoal.org/pages/content/index.asp?PageID=402

http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2000/elecindia2002.pdf

http://www.worldcoal.org/pages/content/index.asp?PageID=402

http://www.worldcoal.org/pages/content/index.asp?PageID=18

http://www.worldcoal.org/assets_cm/files/PDF/ecoal_focus_on_india.pdf